A very low conviction rate in rape cases
As per reply provided to an application filed under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, there were nearly 400 cases of murder and 115 cases of sexual assault in Mumbai between 2001 and 2010 which remained unresolved. As per the data collated by the National Crime Records Bureau, the instances of cases of rape recorded in India were 19,348 in 2006 which rose to 21,467 (2008) and to 24,206 (2011). The increase in the number of rape cases is nearly 25% rise over the last six years.
Across the country, the police filed chargesheets in Courts in nearly 94% of the incidents of rape last year, though conviction was achieved in just 25% of the rape cases pending before courts. The corresponding figure for murder cases was 85% and 40% respectively.
In Maharashtra, the overall conviction rate stood at less than 9% in 2011. Abysmal low conviction rates leads to no fear of law among criminals. The chargesheet is required to be filed within the stipulated time limit of 90 days as far as possible incorporating all the necessary evidence which can withstand judicial scrutiny. Delay can lead to destruction of vital evidence, specially the forensic evidence which is vital in rape trials.